In line with the public health action cycle, health reporting can, in addition to the presentation and interpretation of results, identify specific needs for action at the health policy level and derive recommendations for action based on this. This facilitates the development and implementation of targeted projects and interventions aiming at health promotion, prevention and care that counteract sex/gender-based inequity.
In light of missing data and research gaps on particular population groups or on specific topics, the derivation of recommendations for action is a challenge. Transparency in the definition of recommendations for action, the involvement of external expertise, and feedback with policy-makers or the public can help to meet this challenge, but might also create additional challenges during implementation.
The following suggestions were developed for the challenges in developing practice-relevant recommendations for action in the AdvanceGender project:
I. Determine recommendations for action
II. Involve external expertise
III. Feedback with policy-makers and the public
The challenges and suggestions for the development of practice-relevant recommendations for action formulated here are based on leading edge scientific debates on sex/gender-sensitive and intersectional research and reporting, on original research and desk reviews. In addition, the expertise of scientists, health reporters and civil society representatives was included in a structured way. A Delphi survey showed a high level agreement with the recommendations developed by the project team. For the area "practical recommendations for action for health equity", we provided important information that should be taken into account during implementation.
Recommendations for action should be formulated on the basis of the results. Some experts argued that they should be an integral part of PHMR. Since the clients of PHMR are often also the addressees, the possibility of influencing the content should be discussed. Transparency in the definition of recommendations for action can help counter this.
External experts can be involved in order to concretise recommendations for action. However, it is important to check who can be considered for this and what resources are available for this process. Our interlocutors pointed out that there could be a danger of giving too much space to particular interests such that it might be better to build consensus with external experts. This could be supported by early participation in the reporting process (see also recommendations on "participation of civil society stakeholders in health reporting").
The suggestions for increased communication with policy-makers and the public were welcomed in principle, but interlocutors pointed out the additional resources required for this, especially for new formats such as dialogical forms of communication.
The experts pointed out in several instances that the recommendations are sensible and can be implemented in principle, but that they require appropriately qualified staff and resources that are continuously involved in the process.
This document was retrieved from the AdvanceGender website (www.advancegender.info).
Kathleen Pöge, Alexander Rommel, Sarah Strasser, Anke-Christine Saß, Franziska Prütz, Anne Starker (RKI) on behalf of the joint project AdvanceGender
Suggested citation: Pöge K, Rommel A, Strasser S, Saß AC, Prütz F, Starker A. Practice-relevant recommendations for action towards achieving health equity. In: AdvanceGender Study Group (ed.). Suggestions for sex/gender-sensitive and intersectionality-informed research and health reporting; 2022. (www.advancegender.info).
Corresponding authors: Kathleen Pöge (PoegeK@rki.de), Alexander Rommel (RommelR@rki.de)
Version: 1.0 (Date: 24.01.2022)