Anti-categorical approaches

Anti-categorical approaches focus on the deconstruction of social categories such as sex/gender or ethnicity as these cannot adequately represent the complexity of social structures, dynamics and experiences. Such categories inevitably reproduce difference and thus inequalities between supposed social groups. Instead of focusing on specific identities, anti-categorical approaches thus concentrate on the processes and structures that produce these identities in the first place. Anti-categorical approaches are mainly used in qualitative research in the social sciences and humanities, for example in ethnographic and genealogical methods.


  • McCall L. The Complexity of Intersectionality. Signs (Chic). 2005;Vol. 30(No. 3):1772-800.